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About Indian religion

27 Apr 2019

The Constitution of India has guaranteed its citizens the freedom to live and respect. This ensured the celebration of various festivals across the country. ______ Because Hindus are majority in India, their festivals dominate the calendar here. Of all the festivals, the most colorful festival is Deepawali which is also commonly known as the festival of lights. The central character of the epic Ramayana was Rama, who went on a 14-year exile with wife Sita and brother Laxman at the behest of his father. Sita was kidnapped by Ravana, the king of Lanka, while walking in the forests. After a long war, Rama defeated Ravana and rescued Sita and returned to her kingdom Ayodhya. It took him twenty days to travel from Lanka in the south to Ayodhya in the north. On his victorious return, the people of Ayodhya lit up the entire city in joy and celebrated. Even today on Diwali, people traditionally light up their homes and cities with earthen lamps. Deepawali signifies the victory of good over evil. _____ Dussehra is celebrated in many parts of India as a celebration of the battle of Rama and Ravana and the victory of Rama, which took place twenty days before Deepawali. On Dussehra, effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakarna and son Medhanath are burnt. The first Ramayana of Dussehra is performed in various villages, cities and towns in India. This performance, called Ram Leela, plays the entire Ramayana, which is performed mostly by young boys, and boys also play the female characters in it. This is very popular. A large number of people gather to see it. _____

General description of festivals

This was a general description of two major Hindu festivals in India. There is a difference in the way people celebrate it in different areas. For example, Durga Puja is celebrated before Diwali in Bengal. _____ While the idol of Goddess Durga is prepared with full devotion in West Bengal, Lord Ganesha is worshiped as a vidhanarta throughout India. The festival of Ganesh Chaturthi celebrated in Maharashtra is also for them. _____ After independence, general traditions came into vogue in India, especially the craft tradition. Crafts are an important part of the religious and traditional customs of India because craftsmen have always been making idols in temples and providing the necessary items for worship. Before the independence of India, due to the policy of modern industrialization by the British, craft work in many villages was reduced. _____ There are many devas and goddesses in the Hindu deva group, which are worshiped in different parts of the country on the basis of different importance. Lord Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu, is the divine heart of the Mahabharata. He was the one who preached the Bhagavad Gita to one of the five Pandavas during the war with the Kauravas in Kurukshetra. This war symbolizes the battle between the forces of good and evil. Lord Krishna is not a mythological character. Lord Krishna is worshiped all over India and there are many temples specially dedicated to him. Especially in Mathura and Vrindavan, where he lived as a child and his miracles revealed his divinity. His love for Radha was an inspiration to the miniature painters of Kangra or Pahari painting. The extensive painting done with gold, which is the Tanjore style of South India, was also his inspiration. _____

Hindu Gods and Goddesses are worshiped in elaborate rituals with elaborate rituals. Many of these pujas were initiated by the Pandits, among them came a reformer in North India who simplified the form of worship. He was Guru Nanak Dev, the teachings given by him and the nine gurus who came after him were collected in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs. The birthdays of Guru Nanak and the tenth and last Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, are very important and are celebrated with religious fervor and reverence. On this day processions are taken out, scriptures are read and gurdwaras are illuminated. ______ Lord Buddha was born in India and from this land Buddhism reached Sri Lanka and Tibet. Lord Buddha's birthday is celebrated as Buddha Purnima. It is an important festival in India that falls on the full moon day. Buddhists across India celebrate their customs and special religious days.