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Places to visit in Agra

27 Apr 2019

The city of Agra was settled by Alexander Lodi in 1506 AD. Agra was a favorite place of the Mughal Empire. Agra was the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1526 to 1658. Even today, Agra is a famous tourist destination due to Mughal buildings such as the Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Fatehpur Sikri etc. Babur (the father of the Mughal Empire) built square (rectangular and square) gardens here. ____ _____Taj Mahal _____ The Taj Mahal of Agra, the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, the beloved Begum of Shah Jahan, is one of the most famous buildings in the world. It is one of the new wonders of the world and one of the three world cultural heritage of Agra. _____ Its construction was completed in 1653. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his Begum Mumtaz Mahal. The entire white marble was carved. It is situated along the Mughal-style Char Bagh. It was built on the banks of river Yamuna under the direction of Persian architect Ustad Isa Khan. It is an ideal sample of symmetry, which appears to float in the air when viewed from a distance. Its main gate has carved verses of Quran. It has twenty-two small domes, which indicate the number of years it was built. The Taj is built on a white marble platform on a red sandstone platform. _____ _____ Opening hours: 6 am to 7:30 pm (Friday closed) _____

Agra Fort

It is a major building in Agra, located in the heart of the city. It is also sometimes called the Red Fort. It was built by Akbar in 1565. Later this fort was renovated by Shah Jahan with red sandstone, and it was changed from the fort to the palace. Here the seamless work of carving marble and peatra dura has been done. The main buildings of this fort include Moti Masjid, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Jahangir Mahal, Khas Mahal, Sheesh Mahal and Musaman Burj. This wall has bastions at small intervals, with defense canopies built on it. This wall is surrounded by a 9 meter wide and 10 meter deep moat. _____ _____ Fatehpur Sikri _____ The Mughal emperor Akbar settled Fatehpur Sikri, and shifted his capital there. It is 35 km from Agra. Many magnificent buildings were built here. The Buland Darwaza is also a World Heritage Site. The Buland Darwaza or 'Sublime Entrance Gate' was built by the Mughal emperor. _____JAMA Masjid_____ Jama Masjid is a huge mosque, dedicated to Shah Jahani Jahanara Begum, daughter of Shah Jahan. It was built in 18 and is known for its tower-less structure and special type of dome.

_____ Mehtab Bagh _____ India's oldest Mughal garden, Rambagh, was built by the Mughal ruler Babur in 1526. The park is 2.38 km north of the Taj Mahal. Mehtab Bagh is on the opposite bank of the Yamuna, opposite the Taj Mahal. _____ Swami Bagh _____ Swamibagh Samadhi is the memorial / mausoleum of Huzur Swami Maharaj (Shri Shiva Dayal Singh Seth). It is on the outskirts of the city, known as Swami Bagh. He was the founder of the Radhaswami faith. His tomb is sacred to his followers. It was started in 1908 and says that it will never be finished. White marble is also used in this. Also, colorful marble and some other colored stones have been used for carvings and balloons. These carvings and bell boots seem very lively. These do not appear anywhere across India. Upon completion, the tomb will have a carved dome with a carved dome peak. It is also sometimes called the second Taj.